The generic term ‘electronic waste’ covers all age-old or discarded electronic devices and technology including consumer electronic items, computer and some more. Computers become obsolete with the appearance of new fashionable models and advanced features. Computers have significantly enhanced the nature of our life yet simultaneously produced a large number of huge amounts of electronic garbage over the years. E-waste is increasing at a disturbing rate, which is three times more than household garbage. Also, e-waste contains unsafe substances, for example, cadmium, antimony, beryllium, copper, lead, arsenic, chromium, mercury, zinc and nickel that have detrimental effect on environment and human populace. Metals, glass, plastics can be easily recycled. Unfortunately, over 70 percent of electronic debris approximately 3.2 million tons, end up in landfill and are never recycled.
Computers contains up to 1,000 toxic substances that can damage kidneys, nervous system, and increase the danger of different sorts of cancer. Mercury is found in LCD screen backdrop illuminations, workstations and printed circuit sheets. Whenever consumed exhaustive evolved way of life, contaminants accumulate in our body and may result into different organs’ failure. Some research associations have discovered that mercury severely affects an infant’s nervous system; disturbs typical working of heart; and causes mental impairment in children. Cadmium in semiconductors and chip resistors may cause different types of cancer. Brominated Flame Retardants in printed circuit sheets increases the chances of cancer; it might cause endocrine interruption and negatively affect the development of babies. Lead on printed circuit sheets and computer screen glass may interrupt blood systems and damage central nervous system.
Prevention of electronic wastes
The vast majority of us don’t prefer utilizing computes until the end of its life. We need to have the newer and upgraded versions and keep adding to פסולת אלקטרונית. Users can recycle their obsolete computes to reputable and accountable recyclers for reuse; Donating computers to the charitable schools or churches are appreciable if the equipment is reasonably new and in great condition. The removal of computer equipment ought to be executed in environment friendly manner with the goal that poisonous metals do least mischief to the environment and nearby health.